HILL OF THE MUSES (PHILOPAPPOU HILL)
Height: 147 m.
Identity and history:
The Philopappou Hill which is located across from Acropolis took its name from the Syrian philhellene consul Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos, who was exiled in Athens between 75-76 and 87-88 A.D. The Athenians, after his death, built a majestic monument on the top of the hill to honor his memory, known as the "Monument of Philopappou". Ancients called this the Hill of the Muses, as well, because of some temple that existed there.
Besides a beautiful view of the city, this hill played a defensive role in the history of Athens. In 294 B.C., Demetrius I of Macedon (called Poliorcetes) built a fortress on the top of this hill to control the road to Piraeus. In 1867, Admiral Francisco Morozini bombed Acropolis from that position.
These days, Athenians gather there on the first Monday of Lent (official national holiday) for the so called "Koulouma" - that is, the traditional Lenten menu eaten outdoors while flying a kite. On the south side is the Theater Dora Stratou, dedicated to the Greek tradition through the popular (demotic) dances and songs.
HOW TO GET THERE
BY FOOT: From Agion Asomaton Square and the Thissio Metro Station, follow the Apostolou Pavlou Walkway for over 1 km to find on your right hand side the Hill of Muses - Philopappou.
NEAR BY THE HILL OF MUSES
NightlifeBLACK DUCK MULTIPLARTE
This multi-space located in the heart of Athens has provided the stage for numerous mature Greek acts over the years.... more
Small bar playing mainly black music. Absolute hip hangout, open from nine in the morning for coffee and cold sandwiches,... more
XILIES KAI DUO NICHTES
Performing for Spring season 2010 at this ethnic establishment is Mariastella Tzanoudaki, Fotis Theodoridis & friends. Entrance: 10 Euros. Menu:... more
This is one of the most popular bars in Psirri and is open every day. Friends converge here to listen... more
Tobacco, cigarettes and cigars for all tastes. Point of reference for smokers with an opinion.... more
The shop sells anything from new and used, fiction and nonfiction books in English, mainly to ex-patriots – who seem... more
NOTOS GALLERIES LAMPROPOULOS
The oldest and highly respected Greek-owned department store.... more
This jewelry store is known for offering a great selection of contemporary pieces made from precious metals, as well as... more