From the excavations of 1910 the identity of the meeting place of the principal assembly of the democracy of Ancient Athens (Ecclesia) from 6th Century B.C. was confirmed to be Pnyx. Further excavations on a larger scale between 1930 and 1937 were undertaken in order to make clear the topographical and architectural foundation of the area of Pnyx.
With the passage of time, the original foundation of Pnyx changed, with the reversal of the spectator seats and the speakerĘs area. In fact, these changes took place during three building periods. During the first period, the natural side of the hill was used as hollow of the theater – while on the north side, a straight analemma wall was constructed. Its orientation was reversed during the second building period where a semi-circle analemma wall was made and podium was added on the south side. In the third period was when the size and scale of Pnyka was essentially enhanced and the analemma wall was constructed out of large, cube shaped stones and a new podium was built.
The most important monuments of Pnyka are the two large stoas that frame the south side of the spacious flat level above the podium, the largest structure between the two and the large rectangular structure above the podium, for the Altar of Zeus Agoraios – all from the third building period. In excavations during 1803 small plaques were discovered that told of the existence of the Sanctuary of Zeus Hypsistos, from which the floors, stairs and some niches are saved to this day.
The final formation of Pnyx came after the reign of Lycurgus but many of the programmed plans that existed went unfinished due economic problems.
HOW TO GET THERE
BY FOOT: From Agion Asomaton Square and the Thissio Metro Station, follow the Apostolou Pavlou Walkway for over 1 km to find on your right hand side the Pnyx.
Churches and Monasteries
Hills of Athens
Small bar with the best indie sounds in the city, clean drinks and fanatic regulars.... more
Cosy multiplace with live and DJ shows as well a gallery exhibitions and festivals.... more
Small bar playing mainly black music. Absolute hip hangout, open from nine in the morning for coffee and cold sandwiches,... more
Old patisserie with traditional doughnuts and cream pies for customers of every age.... more
Nice snack bar in Plaka, away from noise and the overcrowding, with tasty dishes.... more
JAMES JOYCE IRISH PUB
Original Irish pub with traditional dishes and an impressive range of whisky and spirits.... more
Vintage and Contemporary Design for the 70s nostalgic in a very interesting environment.... more
This jewelry store is known for offering a great selection of contemporary pieces made from precious metals, as well as... more
The shop sells anything from new and used, fiction and nonfiction books in English, mainly to ex-patriots – who seem... more
Centrally located, Buddhaland offers all three programs of the New Kadampa Tradition (NKT), the General Programme and the Foundation Programme... more
A most interesting and fashionable concept in the wellness market has become receiving a pedicure by Garra Rufa fishes. This... more
SWAHA YOGA CENTER
Swaha Yoga Center encourages self-expressive, creative, playful, disciplined and non-dogmatic approach to Yoga. Their teachings in Hatha and Vinyasa yoga... more