Collections of the Athens National Historical Museum

Collections of the Athens National Historical Museum

The National Historical Museum has accumulated numerous artefacts from the Post-Byzantine era (1453) until the Greek–Italian war of 1940-41. Its collection spans the modern periods of the Greek history, from the 15th through the 20th Century.

More specifically, on display are flags & weaponry from revolutionary struggles, furniture, photographs, folk costumes, personal items of Hellenic historical figures and pieces from everyday life. Their enrichment is secured through continuing donations and selective purchases.

The 24 distinctive collections are classified typologically as seen below. Paintings, Single compositions, Series, Portraits, Modern Art Engravings & Prints, Engravings, Maps, Images published in the Greek and International press, Engraved Posters ("Popular Images"), Posters, Caricatures, Prints on canvas, Architectural Drawings, Sculptures, Ship figureheads, Boat Parts and Maquettes, Flags, Arms & Armory.

Personal & Commemorative Objects
- Medals & Decorations
- Personal and Commemorative Objects

Coins & Seals
- Coins
- Seals

Costumes & Jewelry
- Traditional and Urban Dress
- Military Uniforms
- Sacerdotal Dress
- Jewelry

Home & Professional Equipment
- Embroidery
- Woven & Stamped Textiles
- Furniture
- Ceramics
- Ustensils
- Tools & Machines

Exhibit Features:
- Les Massacres de Scio oil painting
- albums of O. Dapper, M. G. F. A. Choisseul Gouffier, O. M. von Stackelberg, J. Stuart - N. Revett, E. Dodwell, L. Dupré et al.
- architectural and topographical plans of the royal domains in Tatoi and in Corfu
- bronze figure of independence fighter Georgios Karaiskakis on Horseback by M. Tombros
- Armed bands' banners of the pre-revolutionary late Ottoman period
- Pre-revolutionary arms of Lambros Katsonis, Souliot clans, Ali Pasha of Ioannina, etc.
- The medalic portrait of the last Byzantine emperor Konstantinos Paleologos (cat.1438/39) by Pisanello (1395-1455), the "father" of this artistic means and important painter of the Italian Renaissance
- concard from the "Athenian mantolin music festival" in 1896
- Kapodistrias' silver phoenix (1828)
- mauve golden-threaded dress of kyra-Phrosini
- armchair from the mansion of Petros Mavrogenis in Mykonos


The National Historical Museum’s permanent exhibition follows a path in the rooms surrounding the central meeting hall of the Old Parliament.

Corridors and rooms
- Passing the Parliament room and to the right, guests will enter the first corridor. Here, one can admire some Post-Byzantine manuscripts.
- The second room is devoted to the period of the Turkish and Italian occupation of Greece (13th-18th Centuries). Weapons and armory can be admired here.
- In room 3, see the first spark of the Hellenic national conscience. Portraits of famous Fanariotes, the Greek rich and educated class of Constantinople of the 17th and 18th Century can be found here. The famous map of Riga is also on display here.
- The following two rooms present the beginnings of the Greek revolution (1821-1827). There are portraits of known Greek fighters, arms and paintings representing some of the most important battles.
- In corridor 6, guests can find the desk and other personal items of the Patriarch of Constantinople, Gregory VI. Portraits of members of the Greek intellect are on display here.
- Corridor 7 is dedicated to the heroic exodus of Mesologgi and the naval battle of Navarino. Busts of known fighters are also on display, as well as engravings of the combats. Admire the traditional costumes that were worn during this period. Here, is also the first pressing machine of the country’s National Printing House.
- In corridor 8, artefacts that belong to the philhellenic movement that flourished in Europe in the 19th Century are found. The collection includes embroideries, plates, personal items of the Lord Byron and engravings.
- In the number 9 room, view the revolutionary flags of the islands Hydra Island, Spetses Island, and Psara – that participated in significant naval battles.
- Memorabilia of the foundation of the New Greek State can be admired in room 10, such as: the desk and other personal items of Kapodistria, the governor, personal items of Queen Amelia and King Otto.
- Room 11 is dedicated to the first Greek Parliament and the revolution of Crete. Here, King George’s items are on display.
- Room 12 focuses on the Balkan war. Flags, arms and items of the battleship Averof are included here.
- On the walls of corridor 13, see the paintings and posters highlighting the Greek-Italian war.
- Room 14 houses a reconstruction of the throne room of King George I.
- Leading to the folklore collection of traditional women’s and men’s costumes in rooms 15, 16 and 17.
- Lastly, room 19 presents the official costumes of the royal court of King Otto.


National Historical Museum
Collections of the National Historical Museum


▶︎ Benaki Museum
▶︎ Islamic Art Museum
▶︎ Jewish Museum of Greece
▶︎ Museum of Greek Folk Art
▶︎ Museum of Greek Instruments
▶︎ National Historical Museum
▶︎ Museum of City of Athens
▶︎ Hellenic Cosmos