Early Byzantine Period (324-565)

Early Byzantine Period (324-565)

During the 4th Century, the schools of Athens continue to operate and the city emerges as an important educational center. The early Byzantine Period is portrayed in Athens by the coexistence of Paganism with Christianity, without particular conflict

The final defeat of the Pagans came with Justinian's decree to shut down the Neoplatonic school. With the imposition of Christianity, the ancient temples were converted into Christian churches. Concurrently, many works of art are transported to Constantinople (now called Istanbul).

4th Century
The school of philosophy begins to flourish in Athens, where great religious personas and public figures such as Saint Basil the Great, Gregory of Nazianzus, Libanius, Julian the Apostate (Flavius Claudius Julianus) and more were studied.

The plundering and catastrophe of Athens at the hands of the Goths of Alarichus.

5th Century
Athens loses its splendor and is transformed into a small provincial town under the rule of the Byzantine Empire. Many ancient monuments are turned in Christian churches. Despite this, the School of Philosophy continues to function with various distinguished philosophers as teachers.

The emperor Justinian I orders the closing of the School of Philosophy in Athens. The Parthenon Temple is transformed into a Christian church.

Justinian I founds the archdiocese of the First Justinians, which includes Athens and is put under the jurisdiction of the Pope in Rome.

▶︎ Early Byzantine Period (324-565)
▶︎ Middle Byzantine Period (565-1081)
▶︎ Late Byzantine Period (1081-1204)
▶︎ The Latin Occupation (1204-1456)