Phidias was the greatest sculptor in Ancient Greek art history. Unfortunately, no accounts of his life were preserved only that of his art. That being the case, we can estimate the period of his creative peak as being somewhere between 470-430 B.C.

His sculptures are considered to be the cornerstone of the height of Greek sculpture during the Classical Era because of his innovative and incomparable technique.

His most important works were: the colossal Statue of Zeus at Olympia (one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World); the statue of Athena Promachus - "Athena who fights in the front line" on the Acropolis of Athens (which is considered the masterpiece of Ancient Greek sculpture) and; the sculpted ornamentation of the Parthenon Temple.

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