Thucydides was the historian of the Peloponnesian War and the founder of scientific history. He was most likely born in 460 B.C. and died sometime between 400 B.C. and 396 B.C. His monumental work was the first of its kind and a point of reference for all historians of following generations.

The History of the Peloponnesian War is divided into 8 books that cover the period 431 B.C. to 411 B.C. Unfortunately, he was never able to complete his endeavor.

First, Thucydides separated the motives from the causes of the actual facts shedding light on all of the dimensions and purposes of human action.

He had a critical, objective ability that aided him to review the articles of the persons which played significant roles in the war. In conclusion, an intense political opinion can be discerned in his books and has been the subject of study by modern historians.

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