HILL OF THE MUSES (PHILOPAPPOU HILL)
Height: 147 m.
Identity and history:
The Philopappou Hill which is located across from Acropolis took its name from the Syrian philhellene consul Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos, who was exiled in Athens between 75-76 and 87-88 A.D. The Athenians, after his death, built a majestic monument on the top of the hill to honor his memory, known as the "Monument of Philopappou". Ancients called this the Hill of the Muses, as well, because of some temple that existed there.
Besides a beautiful view of the city, this hill played a defensive role in the history of Athens. In 294 B.C., Demetrius I of Macedon (called Poliorcetes) built a fortress on the top of this hill to control the road to Piraeus. In 1867, Admiral Francisco Morozini bombed Acropolis from that position.
These days, Athenians gather there on the first Monday of Lent (official national holiday) for the so called "Koulouma" - that is, the traditional Lenten menu eaten outdoors while flying a kite. On the south side is the Theater Dora Stratou, dedicated to the Greek tradition through the popular (demotic) dances and songs.
HOW TO GET THERE
BY FOOT: From Agion Asomaton Square and the Thissio Metro Station, follow the Apostolou Pavlou Walkway for over 1 km to find on your right hand side the Hill of Muses - Philopappou.
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