The period of Latin occupation of Athens, of which was carried out in three phases:
The primary Latin domination. The city´s administration
had been assigned to Dukes of Burgundy, whom often came
into disputes with neighboring leaders regarding the
extension of their dominion. The first Duke, Otto de la Roche,
who occupied Athens for the sake of the Latin King of Thessalonica
and against the agreement with the crusaders for the division of the land.
Catalan period. The conquest of the duchy of Athens by mercenaries
by the Catalan Grand Company, motivated by the non-payment of their
salaries by the last Duke of Athens Gautier V de Brienne (Walter V of Brienne).
Florentine and Venetian period: The Lord of Corinth, Nerio Acciaioli,
took over Athens in 1388. This was followed by the occupation by the
Venetians of which the Orthodox reacted under the leadership of
Metropolitan Bishop Macarios. The victor was the illegitimate son
of Nerio Acciaioli, Antonio I Acciaioli, who established a small dynasty.