THEATER OF DIONYSUS
This theater, built on the southern decline of the sacred hill of Acropolis, is the place where ancient Greek drama was born. That is understandable since this is the theater is where all off the works of the great writers were performed during the events that were taking place during the Dionysia.
Nothing of the original theater has been preserved from its original form from 5th Century B.C., when it was nothing more than a dirt orchestra with wooden seats for its spectators. Later, between 342 and 326 B.C., the construction activities of Lycurgus made the seats of the viewers out of stone and built a permanent stage along the length of the orchestra – giving it the look it has today. Furthermore, 67 thrones of Pendelic marble (meant for important guests and priests) were created in the first row.
Nevertheless, a section of the ruins of the theater and the stage that we see today is due to the subsequent remodeling of 86 B.C. after the theaters¢ destruction from the Roman general and politician Lucius Cornelius Sulla. The Romans turned the venue into a place for public ceremonies and was occasionally used as an arena for gladiators. In the 1st Century A.D., the floor of the orchestra lined with marble plaques and the façade of the front stage was decorated with bas-relief where the scenes from the myth of Dionysus were reenacted.
Above the theater, at the entrance of the cave of the hill, there is a choragic monument of Thrasyllus (320 B.C.) that, during the Byzantine Era, was turned into the present time church, Panagia Chrysospiliotissa.
Theater of Dionysus
Dionysiou Areopagitou Street
10555 Athens (Greece)
Tel. +30 210 - 3224625
HOW TO GET THERE
BY ATHENS METRO: 2 (Red Line), Station "Akropolis"
BY BUS: 024, 040, 057, 103, 106, 108, 111, 126, 134, 135, 136, 137, 155, 206, 208, 227, 230, 237, 856, A2, A3, A4, B2, B3, B4, E2, E22
TROLLEY: 1, 5, 15
BY FOOT: From Syntagma Square, follow Filellinon Street to Vasilissis Amalias Avenue, until you meet the walkway of Dionysiou Aeropagitou. Follow it all the way up and you will see the Theater of Dionysus below the Acropolis Hill, on your right hand side.