1687 - 1821 Second Period of the Ottoman Sovereignty
Athens enters the Venetian-Turkish War from 1684-1699, with disastrous results. Initially, the Venetian army led by the Swedish General, Knigsmark seizes the city. It is tragic that during the seizing of the Acropolis, a Venetian shell blew up the roof of the Parthenon as well as a part of it that had been converted by the Turks into a gunpowder storeroom. On December 27th, the Hanoverian armies abandon Athens and on April 9th, the Venetians leave. The Venetian Admiral Francisco Morozini, takes along the Lions of the Acropolis, Thisio and the Port of Piraeus. The Greek citizens, fearing a massacre, scattered to nearby Venetian occupied areas.
Scattered Athenians begin to return to their homeland after the Sultan granted amnesty.
Rebellion of the Greek and Turkish citizens of Athens against the corrupt city ruler, Sari-Muselimi.
Athens is declared property of the Sultan and belonging to the Treasury of the Ottoman Empire. The collection of taxes is assigned to a contractor.
Period of governance of Athens by the ruler Hadji ?li Haseki. Esme, the sister of the Sultan Selim III and mistress of Haseki, bought the city for him and granted him the taxes. Haseki´s rule became known for its austerity and its harshness. Due to attacks by Albanian, epidemics and mostly due to Haseki´s conflicts with his Ottoman opponents, the city of Athens suffers greatly.
Suleiman is declared ruler, causing a strong reaction by the Turkish citizens of Athens.
The British Lord Elgin is granted permission by the Sultan to do excavation in Athens. In reality, he extracts priceless treasures for the Acropolis, to include the sculptures of the Parthenon. The so-called, "Elgin Marbles", ended up at the British Museum of London after many mis-adventures. Greece puts on great strain for their return.