Aeschylus was born most probably in 525 B.C. and died either in 456 B.C. or 455 B.C. He was the first of the three great Ancient tragic poets, raising the quality of the tragedies from a chorus performance to an independent and well developed drama.

In 490 B.C., he took part in the Battle of Marathon and in 484 B.C. he was the first to win the first prized in the Dramatic Competitions. Characteristic traits of Aeschylus were his supple, carefully worded and modern majestic language.

Furthermore, he was noted for his ability to create in his audience a sense of awe, emphasizing higher morals such humility and the insignificance of man in the face of death and universal justice.

He was also an innovator in the field of theatrical arts since he added a second actor and decreased the chorus segment to fortify the dialogue.

Aeschylus was also the first person to use theatrical scenery and improved the actor's wardrobe.