The Agora was the heart of the Ancient Greek city and the center of social, spiritual and economic life. It was a place to meet, have political discussions and commercially trade.
The Agora is where government and justice where laid out as well as a religious center – the point of which all roads led to. Here, Apostle Paul preached Christianity for the first time to Greeks in 51 A.D.
The area was used continuously throughout the history of Athens – from the Neolithic Era (3000 B.C.) , as a place of inhabitance and burial, and from the beginning of the 6th Century B.C. (the age of Solon) and on, as a public place.
After restoration and remodeling, the Agora took its final form in the 2nd Century B.C. With the massive destructions – from the Persians in 480-479 B.C., the Romans in 86 B.C. and the Herulians in 267 A.D. – much construction activity was observed, while in the Slavic attack in 580 A.D.., the area was left desolate.
From the Byzantine years, the Agora was utilized again as a dwelling area and later, during the Turkish rule in Greece, it became an entire living community.
After the foundation of Athens as the capital of the independent Greek state in 1834, the Agora was demolished by archaeologists, who were marginally convinced that Plaka (which was also built during Turkish reign) should remain as it was.
In the 19th Century the Archaeological Society resurrected the four colossal marble figures of Giants and Tritons at the façade of the Gymnasium. In 1953-56 the Stoa of Attalus was rebuilt into a museum. During that same time the Byzantine church (1000 B.C.) of Agioi Apostoloi (Holy Apostles) was restored. Lastly, stabilization and preservation work was done to the Temple of Hephaestus from 1972-75 while restoration to its roof was completed in 1978 by the Archaeological Service.
Excavation by the Archaeological Society began from 1859 - 1912 during the laying of the electric railroad lines. From 1931 the American Archaeological School began systematic excavations with the financial support of J. Rockefeller and continue until this day.
In order for the entire area to be uncovered, about 400 younger buildings had to be demolished in an area of about 120.000 square meters.
Ancient Agora (Archaeological Area)
10555 Athens (Greece)
Tel. +30 210 - 3214172
HOW TO GET THERE
BY ATHENS METRO: 1 (Green Line), Station "Thissio"
BY BUS: 025, 026, 027, 038, 227, 500
BY FOOT: Going up from Monastiraki Square, take Adrianou Street for a 5 minute walk to the Ancient Agora. From the Thissio Metro Station, it will only take a couple of minutes on Adrianou Street to reach the Agora.
NEAR BY THE ANCIENT AGORA
Old patisserie with traditional doughnuts and cream pies for customers of every age.... more
A neoclassical building that functions as events multi-space. Café, bar, club, exhibitions, live music, theater and seminars... more
With roots from the region of Mani in the ingredients and its recipes, it does not hold it “maniatiko” (holds... more
Bar-Restaurant on the pedestrian walkway of Aiolou Street with nice music choices.... more
JAMES JOYCE IRISH PUB
Original Irish pub with traditional dishes and an impressive range of whisky and spirits.... more
Has a variety of pies, such as the all-time classic, cheese pie. ... more
Snack bar on the pedestrian walkway of Romvis with fantastic tastes and a very friendly atmosphere.... more
The shop sells anything from new and used, fiction and nonfiction books in English, mainly to ex-patriots – who seem... more
BENAKI MUSEUM SHOP III
A beautiful space filled with unique souvenirs from the Benaki Museum – such as ceramics, silver vessels, reliefs and sculptures,... more
SHOPPING CENTER PLAKA
A terrific one-stop shop for all your souvenir needs.... more
Located in the ancient heart of the city, in Plaka, the Athens Gallery offers guests the chance to experience the... more
Vintage and Contemporary Design for the 70s nostalgic in a very interesting environment.... more
NOTOS GALLERIES LAMPROPOULOS
The oldest and highly respected Greek-owned department store.... more
ROYAL ORIENTAL CARPET
Make a treasure hunt out of it and discover this basement store in the most ancient area of the city... more