The metropolitan area of Athens belongs to the Attica prefecture, which is a triangular shaped peninsula jutting into the Aegean Sea. Attica is blessed with a mild climate, which already in the Bronze Age led to the formation of various settlements here.
The port town of Rafina is found on the eastern Attica shoreline. Now considered part of the municipality of Rafina-Pikermi, the 19,000 acres area is populated with a little over 13,000 people. Other than the actual city itself, Rafina also encompasses a substantial share of the surrounding area that is mainly forest and farmland.
Porto Rafti, or Limin Mesogaias, is located 7 km east of Markopoulo on the southern shores of the South Evian Gulf. It was always part of the Municipality of Markopoulo and the seaport of Markopoulo Mesogaias.
Athens is surrounded not only by beautiful beaches but also by places worth visiting that were once dedicated to Gods, where the soil emanates an aura and energy that only a sacred temple can offer. Cape Sounio is one of these areas.
Continuing north along the coast for about 6 km away from Poseidon's Temple at Cape Sounio, you will find lovely Lavrio, a small port town (of only about 11,000 residents), but with big history throughout the centuries.
The coastal town of Elefsina is also a municipality that is located in West Attica. It is found only 18 km from Athens and with a population of nearly 25,000. Elefsina has the honor of being declared "European Capital of Culture" in 2023 (after Athens in 1985, Thessaloniki in 1997 and Patras in 2006).